Assessment of the effect of low-level laser therapy (808nm) on the proliferation and migration of fibroblasts from chronic wound tissue

Nguyen Thi Bich Phuong1,, Dinh Van Han1, Nguyen Thi Huong1, Pham Ngoc Toan1, Nguyen Thi Thai Linh1, Ho Xuan Le2, Nguyen Ngoc Tuan1, Nguyen Nhu Lam1
1 Le Huu Trac National Burn Hospital
2 Military Medicine Department/Department of Logistics/Military Region 4

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Objectives: 1/To evaluate the morphology and proliferation of cultured dermal fibroblasts derived from patients with chronic wounds. 2/Evaluating the effect of low-level laser therapy (LLLT) 808nm on the proliferation and migration of fibroblasts from chronic wound tissue.
Subjects and Methods: A prospective study was conducted on 36 dermal samples from 12 patients with pressure ulcers and diabetic ulcers. Dermal samples were taken in the operating room and fibroblasts were isolated according to the procedure of Freshney RI (2003). Fibroblasts obtained in P3 generation will be cultured on 6 plates and divided into groups of laser irradiation with different energy levels and a control group (without laser). Conduct LLLT projection with energy levels of 5J; 4J; 3.5J; 3J; 2.5J and exposure times were: 60, 48, 42, 36, the 30s, respectively, for 3 consecutive days to evaluate proliferation and migration between the Laser group and the control group. Cells were counted at 24 h after the last laser exposure using the trypan blue experiment.
Results: The wound base fibroblasts (position 1) proliferated slowly, showed signs of aging, did not retain their phenotype, died floating on the surface of the culture plate, and could not trypsin to the P4 generation. Fibroblasts at positions 2, and 3 (wound margins and healing skin adjacent to the wound) could be isolated to the P3, P4, and P5 generation and did not change morphology. After LLLT irradiation, the number of cells in the laser group with energy levels: 3.5J; 3J, and 2.5J increased higher than the control group; with the highest increase at the energy level of 3J. LLLT dose of 3J with a corresponding exposure time of 36s increased the migration rate of fibroblasts when compared with the control group, completely covering the culture plate on 3rd day.
Conclusion: Fibroblasts derived from patients with pressure ulcers and diabetic ulcers can be isolated from the wound edge and healed skin adjacent to the wound without changing morphology when cultured. After LLLT irradiation (808 nm) on isolated fibroblasts, the effect was dose-dependent. The 3J dose did not change fibroblast morphology; or induce biostimulation, proliferation, and migration of cultured fibroblast samples derived from chronic wound patients.

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Tài liệu tham khảo

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